Lysandra Marquez

Thursday, Nov. 9, 2017

What Maria washed away: Puerto Ricans resettle in Arizona

FOUNTAIN HILLS — Maria Torres sat in her daughter’s living room remembering the day Hurricane Maria made landfall in her town of Yabucoa, Puerto Rico, and changed her life forever.

Maria recalled waking up in the morning to go to the bathroom and found her feet covered in water after her entire home had flooded. She called out to her daughter, Gladys, for help, but they couldn’t open the doors in the house to let the water out. After breaking a window to get out, they spent the rest of the day mopping.

“I’ve lived through hurricane John, Hugo, Federico, Santa Clara … but this one took us.” she said. “Everything was shaking, the houses were shaking. I told my husband, ‘We’re going to have to go … we’re going to have to go with Maria.’”

Clad in a pink cardigan and a bright pink headband with flowers, it’s clear that Hurricane Maria may have left Torres and her family with few options and scarce resources, but it has not diminished her spirit.

It doesn’t take long to realize that Torres, at 81 years old, is a woman characterized by resiliency and an unmistakable sense of humor, as she refers to Hurricane Maria as a ‘tocaya,’ Spanish for someone who shares a name with someone else.

“I had so many plants and flowers before my cousin, I call her my cousin Maria, because my name is Maria as well, and I said to myself, ‘that’s a cousin I don’t want by my side,’” she said. “Go away, go away, I told her (Hurricane Maria).”

With expressive eyes and hands, she describes while holding back a laugh how one of her neighbors tried to catch one of his chickens with a bamboo stick, but was ultimately pushed down by a gust of wind, and addressed the hurricane: “Maria, llévate al pollo, pero no me lleves a mi,” meaning, “Maria, take the chicken, but don’t take me.”

Torres said she spent nearly a month without electricity, relying on flashlights and candles. According to recent FEMA updates, as of Nov. 6, nearly 60 percent of the island continues to remain without power. Outages continue to plague Puerto Rico and establishing permanent power has been touch and go.

Family

From left to right Maria Torres, her husband, Jose Cruz and their daughter, Gladys Cruz-Torres left their home in Puerto Rico after a continuing lack of electricity in their home. They stay in their other daughter’s Fountain Hills home while they wait for their house to be repaired, and hope to return by May of next year. (Photo by Lysandra Marquez/Cronkite News)

Capielo

Cristalis Capielo, who is of Puerto Rican descent, has devoted a majority of her research to studying the effects of Puerto Rican migration. (Photo by Lysandra Marquez/Cronkite News)

Torres

Maria Torres peels and cuts garlic, one of the ingredients for ‘Arroz con Pollo’, which is Spanish for ‘Chicken and Rice’. It’s also one of her favorite dishes to make. (Photo by Lysandra Marquez/Cronkite News)

Family

From left to right, Maria Torres, and her husband Jose Cruz, and their daughter, Gladys Cruz-Torres sit in her other daughter’s home while they wait for their house in Puerto Rico to be repaired and habitable again. (Photo by Lysandra Marquez/Cronkite News)

Marias

Maria Torres and her daughter Maria Cruz-Torres begin preparing the ingredients for ‘Arroz con Pollo’ which is ‘Chicken and Rice’, a common staple of Puerto Rican cuisine. (Photo by Lysandra Marquez/Cronkite News)

(function ( $ ) {
“use strict”;

$(function () {
var masterslider_98df = new MasterSlider();

// slider controls
masterslider_98df.control(‘arrows’ ,{ autohide:false, overVideo:true , hideUnder:800 });
masterslider_98df.control(‘slideinfo’ ,{ autohide:false, overVideo:true, dir:’h’, align:’bottom’,inset:false , margin:10 });
// slider setup
masterslider_98df.setup(“MS5a04ead3c98df”, {
width : 800,
height : 500,
minHeight : 0,
space : 0,
start : 1,
grabCursor : true,
swipe : true,
mouse : true,
layout : “boxed”,
wheel : false,
autoplay : true,
instantStartLayers:false,
loop : true,
shuffle : false,
preload : 0,
heightLimit : true,
autoHeight : false,
smoothHeight : true,
endPause : false,
overPause : false,
fillMode : “fill”,
centerControls : true,
startOnAppear : false,
layersMode : “center”,
hideLayers : false,
fullscreenMargin: 0,
speed : 20,
dir : “h”,
parallaxMode : ‘swipe’,
view : “basic”
});

window.masterslider_instances = window.masterslider_instances || [];
window.masterslider_instances.push( masterslider_98df );
});

})(jQuery);

From the island to the desert

“Oh my God, dear God, I told my husband, ‘What are we going to do now? We don’t have water, we don’t have electricity, we lost the crops that we had, what are going to do about food?’” Torres said.

Torres, her husband Jesus and one of their daughters are three of the more than 100,000 Puerto Ricans who have left the island, according to federal government officials.

However, Florida state officials put that number at more than 140,000 as more Puerto Ricans continue to arrive daily.

Some of those who initially arrive in the Sunshine State end up making their way to New York, Texas, and some, like the Cruz-Torres family, end up in Arizona.

In the past, Torres had repeatedly declined to visit her daughter in the Valley, but after enduring a lack of electricity and difficulties with medical conditions — her own and her 92-year-old husband’s — she finally agreed to travel back with her daughter.

“I didn’t think twice about it. And now, thanks to God, I’m here, finally drinking water that satisfies my thirst,” she said.

Puerto Rico’s population loss

As of 2015, there were close to 45,000 Puerto Ricans living in Arizona, according to the American Community Survey, and almost 20,000 of them reside in Maricopa County.

According to data from U.S. Census, there were 3.4 million Puerto Ricans living on the island in 2016, but by 2050, it’s projected the population would decrease to about 3 million due to job-related or family reasons. Now, while the island grapples with the after-effects of the hurricane, the population loss is expected to have a significant bump.

Cristalis Capielo, an expert on Puerto Rican migration and psychology, expects the population loss to increase as the island struggles to repair infrastructure while dealing with few funds.

“Now that the hurricane happened, you exacerbate the debt. Repairing the electrical grid remains a major challenge, so how do we even pay for that?” Capielo said. “A lot of people have no other recourse than to leave the island.”

Maria Cruz-Torres, Maria and Jesus’ daughter who is a professor at Arizona State University, said the days after the hurricane were filled with feelings of helplessness as she waited to hear from her parents and siblings on the island.

“It was very difficult because of the communication. I had been able to talk to them the day before, and I remember I was talking to them and suddenly the call was dropped,” she said.

At that point, she was ready to hop on a plane but was unable to book a flight until Oct. 25.

It took almost two weeks before she was able to hear her parents’ voices again and speak to them about everything that had happened.

Cruz-Torres flipped through pictures on her phone showing the destroyed landscape of her parents’ hometown. Puerto Rico, which is known for its lush green landscape, was in many places left with leafless and broken trees.

She looked through pictures she took back in June of this year, when she had visited Puerto Rico, and compared the two, saying she was glad she was able to see her country before it was ravaged by Maria.

In Puerto Rico, Torres said Hurricane Maria has earned the moniker of ‘La Diabla’, which is Spanish for ‘Female Devil.’